Traumatic Brain Injuries & Head Trauma
Overview: Brain Injury
Data from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) tell us that every year in the United States there are at least 1.7 million injuries that involve a traumatic injury of the brain (TBI). More than 50,000 of these traumatic brain injuries are fatal, and approximately 80,000 leave the individual with lifelong disabilities. Of the deaths in the U.S. which occur as a result of an injury, more than 30% involve a brain injury.
Most traumatic brain injuries are caused by wrecks — car crashes, bicycle accidents, motorcycle wrecks, pedestrian accidents and truck wrecks. Other events that can lead to traumatic brain injuries are sports accidents, falls, misuse of firearms, child abuse, domestic violence, elder abuse and other personal injuries.
If you or someone you care about has suffered a brain injury because of another person’s carelessness, contact a brain injury lawyer at the Louthian Law Firm today. When life goes wrong, as it surely has for someone with a traumatic brain injury, we fight for what is right. Call us 803-454-1200, or use our online form. The initial evaluation is always free.
What are the types of brain injuries?
There are two types of head injuries which can lead to damage within the brain: closed head injuries and penetrating head injuries. In a closed head injury, the brain is impacted without the skull being opened. This can happen in a car accident, when the head experiences a sudden, jerking motion and the brain is thrown against the skull. It also occurs in sports-related accidents. In fact, about 75% of TBIs that occur each year are concussions or other forms of mild TBI.
While open head injuries sound more fearsome, closed head injuries can be just as serious, because the swelling brain has no place to expand beyond the skull and sensitive brain cells are put under extreme pressure.
What are the symptoms of a TBI?
- Loss of consciousness
- Short-term memory loss
- Dilated pupils
- Visual impairment
- Nausea and vomiting
- Speech problems
- Behavioral changes.
The physical, cognitive, behavioral, and/or emotional complications from a TBI can last for months or become permanent. The serious consequences include seizures, cognitive disabilities, personality disorders, memory loss, degenerative disease, coma, and death.
How are brain injuries treated?
The Initial treatment for a brain injury focuses on reducing injury to the brain by addressing pressure and swelling problems. Monitoring devices and drainage devices are used to help regulate pressure in the brain. Various healthcare providers will coordinate the patient’s care, because a brain injury affects blood pressure, heart rate, respiration, motor functions, speech, hearing, vision, and cognition. Physical therapy, speech therapy, cognitive and occupational rehabilitation, and neuropsychological services may be needed. Specialized rehabilitation treatment centers have skilled nursing care and can provide the necessary services on an intensive basis. Community programs may also be available for brain injury patients. Some patients may return home and visit the hospital for services on an outpatient basis.
What is the long-term prognosis for someone with TBI?
An individual with severe brain damage will need an average of 5 to 10 years of rehabilitation. It is estimated that the lifetime cost of care for brain injury can range from $85,000 to $3 million, depending upon the severity of the injury. A personal injury lawsuit can help families faced with overwhelming expenses when the brain injury results from the negligence or recklessness of others. This can include damages to pay for some of the costs of a catastrophic brain injury:
- Hospital bills
- Bills from doctors, therapists, and clinics
- Prescription drugs and other medications
- Assistive devices
- Loss of income
- Reduced income
- Day care or long-term facilities
- Decreased quality of life.
Hands-on help – Exceptional results
If you or someone you care about has sustained a traumatic brain injury, you may be experiencing the fear of how you will face the future, or you may frustrated by the inability to do what you could do prior to the injury. It is important that you speak with an attorney familiar with South Carolina brain injury law. At the Louthian Law Firm, we have 80 years of experience helping families deal with TBIs and other personal injuries. You can rest assured that we will work hard to protect your interests. You can reach us at our toll free number: (803) 454-1200.